Sheykh Abdul-Kerim el-Kibrisi el-Hakkani Hazretleri

27 May

Mash’Allah!

The Life of Sheykh Ahmed Yesevi (QS) II

2 May

BismillahirRahmanirRahim

The books of legends {manaqib} agree in stating that Sheykh Ahmad Yasawi (QS) went to Bukhara for a while on the advice of Arslan Baba Hazretleri (RA) and attached himself to Sheykh Yusuf Hamadani (QS), that city’s most renowned spiritual guide, and that after his passing from this world, he spent some time in Bukhara carrying out religious invitation {halke davete mesgul} and then, commending all of his companions to Khwaja ‘Abd al-Khaliq Ghujduwani (QS), went to Yasi on the spiritiual direction of the Prophet (ASWS). While recounting successively, in a Sufi manner, the kinds of spiritual manifestations that he exhibited between ages seven and fifty, Sheykh Ahmad Yasawi says in the Diwan-i Hikmat “that he fell in love {spiritually, i.e. with God} at age twenty-six, that he fought on behalf of the divine countenance {didar} like Mansur al-Hallaj (QS), that he suffered various torments because he was not able to find a pir, and that he finally found a pir at age twenty-seven and that he escaped from his torments, and that it was then that he could be worthy of that dervish convent.” Indeed, one of the hikmats {religious poems} has the following refrain: “My great teacher, I came to take refuge with you” {Zate ulu hoca’m, sana signip geldim}. One could guess that this refers to Sheykh Yusuf Hamadani (QS) and that Ahmad Hazretleri attached himself to him at age twenty-seven.

Sheykh Ahmad Yasawi (QS) was occupied continuously with teaching and providing guidance in the town of Yasi. The number of disciples who gathered around him increased daily and his fame gradually spread throughout Turkistan, Transoxiana, Khurasan, and Khwarazm. He was superior to all the saints of his time in both exoteric and esoteric knowledge. He lectured to his disciples on both types of knowledge. He spent {virtually} all his time worshipping God and doing pious acts. In his free time, he carved spoons and ladles and sold them to earn a living. He always kept company with Khidr (AS), who had been his father’s old companion. Indeed, one day, Khidr (AS) said to Ahmad (QS), “I travel the seven climes seven times a day searching for a companion and there is no companion more capable and finer than you.”

Khwaja Ahmad (QS) would not accept a single morsel from the endless gifts and votive offerings that were donated to his tekke. Every day {word of} his saintly karamats (miracles) spread a little further among the people. It is reported that the celebrated khwaja {master} had an Ox. It would go about the city market with a saddle bag {on its back} in which spoons, ladles, and begging bowls were visible. Those who wanted to purchase them would take a certain amount {of these goods} and leave what they cost in the saddle bag. The ox would wander about every day until nightfall. Then it would go to the khwaja. He would take the contents {of the bag} in his blessed hand. If someone were to take something from the saddle bag without paying for it, the ox would follow him and would not go to another quarter {of the city} until that one had returned the merchandise or paid for it.”

- “The Legendary Life of Ahmad Yasawi” – Early Mystics in Turkish Literature, Mehmet Fuat Koprulu (2006)

The Childhood of Sheykh Ahmet Yesevi (QS)

18 Apr

In the city of Sairam in Turkistan {Sairam is just east of Shymkent in modern Kazakhstan], there was a Sheykh named Sheykh Ibrahim Rehmat’Allah Alaih, a descendant of Hazrat Ali Karam’Allahu Wajh. When he passed from this earthly life, he left a grown daughter named Gawhar Shahnaz and a seven year-old boy named Ahmad. From the time he was very young, Ahmad received various manifestations of God’s grace and displayed extraordinary qualities that belied his age. In Sheykh Ahmad Yasawi’s work entitled Diwan-i-Hikmat, he recounts succesively, in a language appropriate to the Sufis, the spiritual gifts that he had received.

At age seven, when he was orphaned by the loss of his father, Ahmad, who since childhood had received the guidance of Khidr (AS), was raised by another spiritual father. This was Sheykh “Baba Arslan or Arslan Baba (RadiAllahu ta’Ala anhu), – one of the Companions of the Prophet (Alahi Salaatu Was’Salaam). Guided by spiritual direction {manevi isaretiyle} from the Prophet (ASWS), he went to Sairam to become Ahmad’s teacher. Arslan Baba (RA) was one of the foremost Companions {of the Prophet(ASWS)}. One well known report states that he lived to age 400, and another – to age 700.

His traveling to Turkistan and being charged to teach Ahmad Yasawi(QS) were based on spiritual direction. It seems that during one of the Prophet(ASWS)’s military expeditions, his noble Companions came to him hungry and requested for something to eat. The Prophet (ASWS) uttered a prayer and {the angel} Gabriel (Alahis’Salaam) brought a dish of dates from Paradise. One of the dates fell on the ground, wherepon Gabriel(AS) said, “This date is the portion of a member of your religious community named Ahmad Yasawi(QS)”. Because anything held in trust was naturally to be given to its owner {cf. Quran IV:58}, the Prophet(ASWS) proposed to his Companions that one of them undertake this duty. None of them responded save for Arslan Baba (RA), who said that by apostolic favor he would be able to underatake this task. The Prophet(ASWS) then put the fallen date into Arslan Baba’s mouth with his own hand and added a bit of his own blessed saliva. A covering immediately formed over the date, and the Prophet(ASWS) instructed Arslan Baba how he would find Ahmad Yasawi and commanded him to devote himself to young Ahmad’s education. Arslan Baba(RA) then went to Sairam(or Yasi) and, after completing there the task that he had taken upon himself, died the following year. It is recorded in the Diwan-i Hikmat that “the Angel of Death took his soul, the huris{female denizens of Paradise} cut out a shroud from silk garments, and 70,000 weeping angels appeared and transported him to Paradise.

By age seven, Ahmad Yasawi(QS) had already advanced through a series of high spiritual stages and then, under the direction of Arslan Baba(R.A), the young Ahmad reached a high level of maturity and slowly began to win fame from every quarter. His father Shaikh Ibrahim had already been renowned in that region for performing countless miracles{karama} and many legends were told of him. Consequently, it was recognized that, with respect to his lineage as well, this quiet and unassuming young boy, who always listened to his elder sister, held a spiritually important position. Around that time an extraordinary event occurred that spread Ahmad’s fame throughout Turkistan. A ruler named Yasawi was ruling as sultan in Transoxiana and Turkistan. He spent the winters in Samarqand and the summers in the mountains of Turkistan. Like all Turkish rulers, he was fond of hunting and used to pass the time in this pursuit in the mountains there. One summer he wanted to go hunting on Qarachuq Mountain, but because it was so rugged, he gave up hope of doing so. He was never able to hunt on Qarachuq. Consequently, he wanted to get rid of the mountain. He gathered all the friends of Allah {the saints/awliya} in the lands that he ruled and requested them to remove this mountain by the blessing of their prayers. The saints of Turkistan agreed to the ruler’s request. They wrapped themselves in ihrams {the garb of pilgrims going to Mecca} and for three days prayed and pleaded for this mountain to disappear. Contrary to expectation, however, all their prayers could not accomplish this task. Searching for the reason, they asked, “Was there anyone among the ‘arifs {those who have knowledge of God} and saints of the country who did not come?” It turned out that Shaikh Ibrahim’s son Ahmad Yasawi had not been summoned because he was still very young. They immediately sent men to Sairam to summon him. The boy consulted with his older sister and she said to him, “Our father had some testamentary advice {for you}. The thing that will show wether or not your time to appear has come is a table cloth that is tied {in a knot} in our father’s place of worship. If you can untie it, then go ahead{in response to the ruler’s summons}, for that means the time of your appearance has come.”

The boy then went to the place of worship and untied the table cloth, and then continued to this city of Yasi. All the saints were present there. He indicated {they should} pray over a piece of bread that was on the cloth. They agreed and recited the Fatiha {opening sura of the Qur’an}. He divided the bread among those who were assembled and there was enough for everyone. There were 99,000 people present composed of the saints, the ruler’s officers {umara}, and troops. When they saw this miracle, they had a better understanding of the greatness of Ahmad Yasawi (QS). {Meanwhile} Ahmad Yasawi expected that the answer to his prayer was inside his father’s dervish cloak. Suddenly, torrents of rain burst from the sky and all the land was flooded. When the prayer rugs of the sheykhs began to float on the waves, they pleaded and cried out. Ahmad Yasawi (QS) stuck his head from the cloak. The storm immediately subsided and the sun appeared. And what should they see! But that Qarachuq Mountain had disappeared. Where the mountain once stood there is now a town called Qarachuq, where most of Sheykh Ahmad(QS)’s descendants reside. The ruler Yasawi, who had witnessed this miracle, entreated Ahmad to ensure that his name would remain on earth until the Day of Judgement. Ahmad accepted his wish and said, ” Whoever in the world loves me, may he recall me together with your name.” Thus, from that day forward, he has been called, “Khwaja Ahmad Yasawi.”

- Early Mystics in Turkish Literature, Ahmad Yasawi and His Influence – Mehmet Fuat Koprulu

Collecting a few Pearls from the life of Sheykh Ahmet Yesevi (QS)

11 Apr

BismillahirRahmanirRahim

Selam Aleykum was Rahmatullahi wa Barakatahu,

Medet Ya Seyh, Medet. Alhamdulillah, I know that the nature of the postings on this blog has been for the most part erratic, and touch-and-’disappear’ rather than touch-and-go, but these days I’m more awake to the support coming from my Seyh, and when there is support, things begin to open up, Shukr-Alhamdulillah.

It was due to this support that I stumbled across quite a detailed, well-written, and well-sourced life story of one of the highest saints that have ever-lived; one many of us-(myself included), either may not know much, or may not have even heard the name of. I am speaking of that saint, Rehmatullah Alaih, who is known as the ‘Father of the Turks’ – Sheykh Ahmed Yesevi (QS- Qadas’Allah hu Sirrah – May Allah preserve his secret).

Though I had seen the portrait of Sheykh Ahmet (QS) in the gallery on our homepage and on the wall of our upstate Dergah, in Sidney Center, New York – I knew nothing save his praised name and his blessed face. But the love and importance given to this Saint, among many others, by our Seyh Effendi is apparent, and is due cause – now that this has opened up, to spend some time illustrating his life, connecting to his presence in our lives, and re-appreciating his value as it is forever being done in His presence and by the Most Beloved One in His Presence, as we may discover soon enough. The wealth of material that has opened up require that I devote some time and harvest the jewels of this find patiently and carefully so as to be able to present something of benefit to both you and I, Insh’Allah Rahman. With His permission and His Beloveds’ blessing, and our Seyh Effendi’s support, I intend to do just that. I will attempt, Insh’Allah, to add successively in parts; thus begins part one of a brief yet wondrous account of the life of Shaykh Ahmet Yesevi (QS).

The Description of the Kiswa of the Kaaba

8 Apr

BismillahirRahmanirRahim

Selam Aleykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatahu

Here is a description of the kiswa/ghilaf or covering of the Kaaba during the time of Ibn Jubayr on his pilgrimage in 1184 A.D.

At the end of each hajj – the old fabric covering of the Ka’ba (kiswa) was removed and replaced with a new one. In the early years of Islamic History it became customary for the calipha to supply the new kiswa each year.

According to Ibn Jubair, :

On Saturday, which was the Day of Sacrifice, the Kiswah ['Robe'] of the Holy Ka’bah was conveyed on four camels from the encampment of the ‘Iraqi Emir to Mecca. Before it, walked the new Qadi wearing the black vestment given to him by the Caliph, preceded by banners and followed by rolling drums…

The Kiswah was placed on the venerated roof of the Ka’bah, and on Tuesday the 13th of the Blessed Month, the Shaybites were busily employed in draping it. It was of a ripe green color and held the eyes in spell for its beauty.

In its upper part, it had a broad red band (that ran around the Ka’bah) and on the side that faces the venerated Maqam (Station of Ibrahim A.S.), the side that has the venerated door that is blessed, there was written on this band after the Basmalah – the words, “Surely the first sanctuary appointed for mankind (was that at Bekkah (applying to Mecca)). On the Other side was written the name of the Calipha with invocations in his favour. Running around the band were two reddish zones with small white roundels – containing inscriptions in fine characters that included verses from the Koran and mentions of the Caliph.

—  Broadhurst, Trans; The Travels of Ibn Jubayr p.185, Peters, The Hajj p.126-127.

Pictures from Cyprus

28 Mar

BismillahirRahmanirRahim

Selam Aleykum Wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatahu

Here are a few pictures from Cyprus. Our Seyh Effendi has returned!

The tomb of Cambolat Pasha (qas) inside the walls that surround Gazi Magosa (old Famagusta)

Seyh Effendi introducing Haci Abdul-Hameed to our Seyh Mevlana

Seyh Mevlana and Seyh Abdul-Kerim Effndi sharing a laugh

- Thanks to Yursil for the Photos! Selam Aleykum!

The Character of Sultan Abdul-Mejid Khan

9 Nov

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BismillahirRahmanirRahim,

Selam Aleykum Wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatahu,

A few paragraphs on the character of Sultan Abdul-Mejid Khan, the Ottoman Sultan, by the Rev. Henry Christmas M.A. in 1853:

‘One or two anecdotes will put his character in its true light. During the year of famine in Ireland, the Sultan heard of the distress existing in that unhappy country; he immediately conveyed to the British ambassador his desire to aid in its relief, and tendered for that purpose a large sum of money. It was intimated to him that it was thought right to limit the sum subscribed by the Queen, and a larger amount could not therefore be received from his highness. He at once acquiesced in the propriety of his resolution, and with many expressions of benevolent sympathy, sent the greatest admissible subscription.

It is well known that his own personal feeling dictated the noble reply of the divan to the threatening demands of Austria and Russia for the extradition of the Polish and Hungarian refugees. “I am not ignorant,” was his reply, “of the power of those empires, nor of the ulterior measures to which their intimations point; but I am compelled by my religion to observe the laws of hospitality; and I believe that the sense and good feeling of Europe will not allow my government to be drawn into a ruinous war, because I resolve strictly and solemnly to adhere to them.”

This is the true spirit of Christianity, and there is more it in the Mohammedan Sultan of Turkey, than in any or all of the Christian princes of Eastern Europe.’

- “The Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Medjid Khan: A Brief Memoir of His Life and Relign, with Notices of The Country, its Navy, & present Prospects” by the Rev. Henry Christmas, M.A., 1853

 

* – I’d like to point out Yursil’s and Saifuddin’s excellent follow-up to this post, here and here respectively:

Ottoman Aid to the Irish – Yursil

&

Who are the Ottomans?  – Saifuddin.

*Also:  The slanderous myth of the Ottomans concerning Alcohol and its abuse is exposed here in Yursil’s latest post, Mash’Allah- from an 1832 british text, here:

Alcohol & Tobacco in Ottoman times

Aleykum Selam and Allah emanat ol!

Biz Osmanliyiz! Pek Sanliyiz!

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